A cultural route from Dresden to Upper Lusatia
The capital of the Free State of Saxony offers various sights as e. g. Dresdner Zwinger Palace which is not missing in any history of architecture textbook. Dresden Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady), Semper Opera House and Dresden Residence Castle are architectural monuments that give distinction to the cityscape. Raffael's two bold angels of the Sistine Madonna are world-wide renowed items in Dresden's Art Collections. Regardless of whether you prefer grand water front esplanades, interesting museums and arrangements, technical monuments or adorable details - Dresden offers a lot for you to discover.
The city that is more than 1000 years old is also called "The Heart of Upper Lusatia". Bautzen is one of the cultural centres of the Wends and mainly known for its Old Town which has retained medivial character to date with more than 13 towers, many churches, the Ortenburg Castle as well as the many narrow alleyways.
The city of Löbau´s attractiveness is characterised by its historic center which has been reconstructed affectionately during the past years, its cast-iron tower (which is on the local landmark mountain and unique throughout Europe) and the favourite building of architect Scharoun, Haus Schminke.
Likewise, the Löbau Rathaus (town hall) and Nikolaikirche are well known. The Löbau town hall was built in the 14th century and was - along with the Nikolaikirche in the medieval center - laboriously restored. The town wall is partly well-preserved as well as several postal mile stones which were posted in 1729.
The Cultural Route of the city of Zittau, existing since 1914, leads you to a total of 52 sights. It introduces visitors to the once richest city of the "Six Cities' Alliance of Upper Lusatia" (Görlitz, Zittau, Löbau, Kamenz, Lauban and Bautzen).
Architectural opulence is probably the greatest treasure of the European-City Görlitz/Zgorzelec. In Görlitz alone almost 4,000 ancient monuments from 500 years of European building history can be seen. Reconstructed at great expense, there are buildings from most miscellaneous ages, ranging from Gothic to Renaissance and the Wilhelminian and Art Nouveau Style. The city became an UNESCO World Heritage Site because of the unique character of its interrelated townscape.
Fürst Pückler Park Bad Muskau
On both sides of the river Neiße, the Muskauer Park spreads over more than 830 hectares of the Lusatia landscape. This park was designed by Hermann Fürst von Pückler-Muskau in 1815. It is a masterwork of landscape design unequalled in the world and has been an UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2004.
The Path of Modernity
The building of the Bauhaus school with its master houses by Walter Gropius from 1925/1926 and the realm of the garden Dessau-Woerlitz belong to the UNESCO World Heritage. Today, the "Bauhaus Dessau - Zentrum für Gestaltung" (Design School Center) has again become a lively place for experimental designing, research and teaching. Discover one of the most important buildings of Modernity on a guided Bauhaus tour.
The Wachsmannhaus in Niesky is one of the most important architectural documentations of the Modernity. It was built as a Director's apartment house by the architect Konrad Wachsmann in 1927. Konrad Wachsmann started his career in Niesky and due to his innovative construction systems he is considered worldwide as the pioneer of industrial building.
The house Tugendhat in Brno, Czech Republic, is a masterpiece of classic modern architecture and the most important building by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in Europe. When built in the 1920s, the Moravian metropolis had already become a center of the avant-garde of architects. The house Tugendhat was added as a functional building for upper-class people. Since money was no consideration for the Jewish manufacturer couple Grete and Fritz Tugendhat, Mies van der Rohe could draw on unlimited resources and develop his aesthetic principles to perfection.
The Philharmonie is considered the most important work by Hans Scharoun and as an example of an "organic building": Each building should "organically" develop from its inside to outside, from its inherent functions and utilization to the exterior, with no technical corset. It was Scharoun's intention "to give a place for playing and experiencing music an appropriate shape". The traditional stage-auditorium arrangement was out of the question. Instead, Scharoun moved the orchestra into the focus of the room structure which consists of pentagons, twisted into one another.
Scharoun's remarkable architecture of Siemensstadt, similar to the run of a vessel, is considered a symbol of modern domestic construction of the Weimar Republic period. Also like some other progressive architects of the 1920s, he wanted to use design elements for his buildings that were derived from ship-building (such as Command Bridge, rails and portholes) as a positive reference to a seafaring's image of freedom, modernity, cosmopolitan views and rationalizations. But tellingly, people called his building an "Armored Cruiser", thereby referring to a negative, martial tradition of seafaring.