The Haus Schminke by Hans Scharoun is one of four outstanding examples of the styles "New Architecture" and "International style" (architecture). It is in each of the architectural encyclopedias and mentioned within the same breath as
- The Villa Tugendhat by Mies van der Rohe in Bruenn/Brno, Czech Republic (1931),
- The Villa Savoye by Le Corbusier in Poissy, near Paris, France (1928 - 1929) and
- The House Kaufmann, Fallingwater by Frank Lloyd Wright, Mill Run, Pennsylvania, USA (1935 - 1939)
Each house was customized to meet the needs of the owner as well as the need to complement the natural environments by impressive solutions. As early as 26 years after completion, people took notice that the Haus Schminke might become a historical monument, thus it was registered and finally placed under memorial protection in 1978.
In 1930, Hans Scharoun designed the house for Fritz Schminke who was the owner of a noodles' factory in Loebau, Saxony, Germany and who wished for "... a modern house for two parents, four children and one or two occasional guests... ". The realization was both at the same time, fancy and functionally adequate. A curved main body, terraces, outside stairs and numerous round, porthole shaped windows inspire the connotation to a steamship. Rooms merge flowingly; generous grasslands involve the garden as an extension of living space as well. Beside span and lucency, manifold design elements form the spatial experience. Developed especially for the house, their colors and shapes set outstanding courses. In contrast, utility rooms - including a Frankfurt kitchen - and the sleeping area remain sparse by intention and include easy to clean surfaces and space-saving built-in closets.
Herta Hammerbacher designed the garden as a dynamic connection between architecture and landscape. Basic design and materials of structural elements were continued into the garden in order to generate a composition of both organic and inorganic. This design approach was a very typical one by the landscape architect Herta Hammerbacher, who had previously worked with the Karl Foerster and Hermann Mattern "Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gartengestaltung" (a landscape gardening consortium) for more than two decades.
Scharoun's theory of architecture ...more
Virtual round tour 1933 ...more